What does "Fully Functional" Mean?
Fully Functional: Steel

Why we only say that we use "high carbon steel" for our historical swords
Our choice of steel is proprietary and is influenced by several factors:
- the steel must have a carbon content approximately equal to that of surviving original period swords
- the steel must perform well both in milling, grinding and finishing
- the steel must respond properly to heat-treating, giving us the temper/hardness, flexibility and edge retention that meets our high standards.

Some Helpful Terms and Definitions
High-Alloy: Modern steels that contain a large amount of trace elements other than iron and carbon (the basics of all steels). These are often included into the chemistry of a steel for the purpose of adding a specific characteristic to the steel. These characteristics can include corrosion resistance, increased hardening depth, or speed of hardening (i.e., water, oil, or air hardening steels). These are often the tool steels that are either oil or air hardening, but also include stainless steels. Some can be used as sword steels, but others would be better suited for knives.

Low-Alloy: Some modern steels, and many ancient steels fall into this category. Most fall into the range of shallow-hardening, because they lack the heavy alloys that will cause them to harden deeper. This in effect will leave a very hard edge, with a slightly softer core to absorb shock and increase toughness. It is not as drastic as what happens when a steel is intentionally heat-treated to two differing hardnesses, but rather a more gradual change in hardness through the blade.

Coupled with our changes in our assembly processes (see another article here on our assembly process), we have chosen steels that bring us much closer to our goal of matching our historic counterparts in the past.

On-Line Articles
Recreations Not Replicas: our goals and aspirations
Albion Mark Hilt Components
Fully Functional: Construction
Fully-Functional: Steel

Coming Soon
Fully-Functional: Heat-Treating
Fully Functional: Design and Edge Geometry

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